Criminal Law is a fundamental legal domain that governs the prosecution and punishment of individuals who commit crimes. In Turkey, the criminal justice system plays a vital role in maintaining law and order and protecting the rights of citizens. 

In this article, we will explore the definition and coverage of Turkish Criminal Law, shed light on the advantages of working with a specialized criminal law firm, and introduce English-speaking Turkish Criminal Solicitors at our Istanbul-based Criminal Law Office. Turkish Criminal LawTurkish Criminal Law is the legal framework that addresses criminal offenses and their consequences within the country. It encompasses a set of rules and regulations that define unlawful acts, establish guilt, and prescribe penalties for various criminal offenses. 

The primary objective of the Turkish criminal justice system is to ensure a fair and impartial trial while upholding the principles of justice and protecting the rights of both the accused and the victims.

What is Criminal Law Definition?

Criminal Law, also known as Penal Law, refers to the body of laws that defines and prescribes penalties for acts deemed as crimes. 

It establishes the boundaries of acceptable behavior in society and imposes sanctions on individuals who violate these boundaries. The overarching goal of Criminal Law is to deter criminal behavior, punish wrongdoers, and protect the safety and well-being of the public.

What Does Turkish Criminal Law Cover?

Turkish Criminal Law covers a wide range of criminal offenses, including but not limited to:

  • Homicide and Assault: Crimes related to the taking of another person’s life or causing bodily harm through intentional or negligent actions.
  • Theft and Robbery: Offenses involving the unlawful taking of someone else’s property or belongings, often with force or threat.
  • Fraud and Embezzlement: Criminal acts that involve deceit, misrepresentation, or abuse of trust for personal gain.
  • Drug Offenses: Crimes related to the possession, distribution, or trafficking of illegal drugs and substances.
  • Sexual Offenses: Crimes involving sexual assault, harassment, or exploitation.
  • Cybercrime: Criminal activities committed online, including hacking, identity theft, and digital fraud.
  • White-Collar Crimes: Non-violent offenses typically committed by professionals in business or government settings, such as bribery and insider trading.

The Role of Criminal Lawyers in Turkey

In general, criminal lawyers play an important role in protecting the rights of their clients throughout criminal proceedings. The services provided in this context cover different topics:

  • Criminal lawyers also advocate for their clients during the court. Arguments are presented, cross-examining witnesses is carried out and a strong defense is made.
  • Criminal lawyers provide expert and legal advice to defendants. The charges against them are explained, including the potential consequences and legal options available.
  • Lawyers collect evidence and conduct detailed investigations; It prepares to present all relevant facts for the court.
  • In some cases, criminal lawyers can also provide services in this context.

With such aspects, criminal lawyers have a very important place.

Objectives of the Turkish Penal Code

Turkish Criminal Law covers Crime, Punishment and Security issues and aims to ensure personal and national security within the borders of the country. Actions that are not clearly stated to be crimes within the scope of this law cannot be considered crimes. This situation mentioned in the second article has a structure that emphasizes the rule of law.Criminal law has a broad structure within itself. The objectives of the Turkish Penal Code No. 5237 were prepared with the aim of ensuring public security. Issues regarding the actions considered as crimes, punishment for different crimes and exceptional cases brought about for security purposes are seen in detail and precisely in the law.The law is based on the principle of fairness, and the person who commits a crime is punished in proportion to the severity of the crime. In addition, the third article emphasizes equality in law.Crime definitions and deterrent penalties, some of the situations that constitute a crime and are determined within the framework of the Turkish Penal Code with the aim of public safety within the scope of the law can be seen down:

  • Premeditated murder
  • Threats and blackmail
  • Deprivation of liberty
  • Computer Crimes
  • Immigrant smuggling and human trafficking etc.

The commission of the crime in Turkey falls within the scope of the crime committed in Turkey. Since there may be changes in the legal processes if a foreign or Turkish person operates, it is necessary to get help from law firms.

Types of Crimes Under the Turkish Penal Code

The types of crimes are defined in the fifth chapter of the Turkish Criminal Procedure. When these are examined in general terms, they can be seen as follows:

  • Common Crimes
  • Successful Crimes
  • Combining ideas

There are also crimes subject to criminal sanctions within the scope of such crimes and crimes against humanity. In addition to intentional homicide, there are also:

  • Acting violently to injure someone else,
  • Torturing, inflicting severe pain or forcing a person to live as a slave,
  • Restricting freedom,
  • Subjecting the person to scientific research/tests
  • Sexual harassment, child abuse,
  • Forced pregnancy

In addition, there are different topics discussed. For example, illegal immigrant transfer and human trafficking are also crimes. Our law firm serves both foreign and domestic clients within the scope of this branch of law.

English-Speaking Turkish Criminal Solicitors

Navigating the complexities of the Turkish criminal justice system can be daunting, particularly for non-Turkish speakers. 

English-speaking Turkish Criminal Solicitors offer invaluable assistance to international clients facing criminal charges in Turkey. These specialized attorneys provide legal representation, guidance, and support in English, ensuring that clients fully understand their rights and legal options.

Turkish Criminal Law Office in Turkey, Istanbul

Our Criminal Law Office in Istanbul is dedicated to providing top-notch legal services for individuals involved in criminal cases in Turkey. 

With a team of skilled and experienced attorneys, we handle a wide array of criminal matters with professionalism, diligence, and a commitment to safeguarding our client’s rights throughout the legal process.

What are the Advantages of Working with a Criminal Law Firm?

Collaborating with a reputable Criminal Law Firm offers numerous benefits:

  • Expert Legal Advice: Criminal law firms possess in-depth knowledge and experience to provide sound legal counsel tailored to the specifics of each case.
  • Legal Representation: Attorneys advocate on behalf of clients, ensuring their rights are protected and presenting a strong defense in court.
  • Case Investigation: Firms conduct thorough investigations to gather evidence and build a robust defense strategy.
  • Negotiation Skills: Experienced criminal lawyers can negotiate plea deals or reduce charges, potentially leading to lighter sentences.
  • Courtroom Experience: Criminal law firms are well-versed in courtroom procedures, presenting cases effectively before judges and juries.

Turkish Criminal Law plays a crucial role in upholding justice and ensuring the safety of society. By understanding the scope of this legal framework and availing the services of reputable Criminal Law Firms with English-speaking Turkish Criminal Solicitors, individuals facing criminal charges in Turkey can receive competent legal representation and protect their rights throughout the legal process.
Our Istanbul-based Criminal Law Office is committed to providing expert assistance, ensuring a fair and just resolution for our clients.